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Midwives may do some or all of the following

  • examine and care for women during their pregnancies
  • provide advice and information to women planning on becoming pregnant and to women when they become pregnant
  • discuss and organise ultrasound and all blood tests during pregnancy
  • provide information and education on pregnancy, birth and parenting for all parents
  • observe, diagnose and treat women during the course of the pregnancy
  • refer to other specialists if medical abnormalities arise during the pregnancy, or during labour and birth
  • care for women during labour and birth, including prescribing medications
  • examine and care for the newborn baby
  • help parents learn how to care for their newborn baby
  • provide care and support with breastfeeding
  • provide health advice about tests and immunisations for newborns, and also contraception. 

Midwives need to have

  • good communication, teaching and people skills
  • knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the body, especially as it relates to pregnancy and birth
  • understanding of the various cultures, beliefs and traditions surrounding pregnancy and childbirth
  • knowledge and understanding of how babies develop
  • diagnostic skills, along with analytical and interpreting skills
  • observation and decision-making skills
  • organisational and time-management skills
  • the ability to understand and interpret latest research on midwifery and childcare practices
  • skill in using technology such as ulstrasound equipment and machines that monitor babies' heart rates.

Midwives need to be

  • patient and caring
  • able to work well under pressure
  • mature and responsible
  • able to remain calm during emergencies.