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Geophysicists may do some or all of the following

  • study the physical properties of the Earth, including geological layers, oceans and atmosphere
  • study the upper atmosphere and meteorology (weather systems)
  • carry out research and experiments
  • measure gravity, earthquakes, electrical fields and magnetic fields
  • process data and measurements taken from global positioning system (GPS) equipment
  • study the properties of rocks, the ocean and other planets
  • look for and study oil, gas, groundwater and mineral deposits
  • write research papers and reports based on the results of their studies
  • teach at universities and supervise students' research projects.

Geophysicists need to have

  • knowledge of the principles of physics and the geological nature of the Earth
  • practical skills for performing experiments and operating scientific equipment
  • research skills and skill in analysing and interpreting research results and other information
  • problem-solving skills
  • planning and organisational skills
  • communication skills
  • writing skills for producing reports, and articles for publication
  • maths and computer skills.

Geophysicists need to be

  • accurate
  • enquiring
  • patient and willing to persevere with their research and experiments
  • comfortable working outdoors.